The EURO-5 Standard became effective in the Russian Federation in 2014. Prior to this the following standards were effective: EURO-4 (2010-2014), EURO-3 (2008-2010) and EURO-2 (2005-2008). All these standardized documents were drawn up in Europe and their main target was to stop aggressive and harmful effect of automotive emission gasses on ozone layer.
The standard of European origin became effective in Russia due to the fact that the Russian Federation is a party to the Geneva Accord signed in 1958. The employment of this standard is in its turn regulated by the technical regulations on safety of automotive emission gasses produced by vehicles of Russian origin.
The EURO-5 Standards are effective for all producers, distributors and importers of the vehicles. If no certificate of compliance to this standard is available, the parties on the automobile market cannot receive a motor license for a new vehicle and thus cannot use the vehicle.
What authorities can issue the EURO-5 certificate? What is the procedure?
Certificates of compliance can be issued by accredited certification centers. The applicants can be private persons or legal entities that plan to introduce vehicles on the market or use vehicles.
To start the process of certification according to the EURO-standards the company should hand in the application form and enclose the following papers:
- documents that confirm registration of the subject of business operations;
- documents that confirm sale/ purchase of the vehicle;
- motor license for the vehicle (if available);
- certificate issued by the producer of the vehicle with data confirming that the automobile design complies with the EURO-5 Standard (provided by the suppliers of the vehicle);
- power of attorney (if necessary).
A private person applying for certification and wishing to receive the EURO-5 certificate should also enclose a copy of his/ her passport and a copy of the document confirming that he/ she is the owner of the vehicle.
The enclosed documents are subject to expert review upon which a conclusion is made, whether the certificate of compliance can be issued.
If the applicant is unable to provide the document to confirm that the vehicle complies with the EURO-standards, the experts of the certification center organize tests of the vehicle and analysis of emission gasses. According to the standard, the amount of CO (carbon monoxide) should not exceed 0.8 g/km, NO (nitrogen oxide) – 0.06 g/km, CH (hydrocarbon) – 0.05 g/km.
Owners of the old vehicles most frequently apply for the certificate, if they plan to sell the vehicle. Then they have to contact a service station and make the necessary modifications in the design of the vehicle. In this case the set of documents includes the certificate issued by the Vehicle Service Station and signed by the head of the station, which confirms that the modernized vehicle complies with the norms of the European standard.
Validity of the EURO-5 certificate cannot exceed 5 years. Starting from January 2014 EURO-4 certificates are no longer issued in Russia.